Standalone Apache HBase
By default Apache HBase runs in standaleone mode. In standalone mode, HBase does not use HDFS — it uses the local file system instead — and it runs all Apache HBase daemons and a local zookeeper all up in the same JVM. Zookeeper binds to a well-known port so clients may talk to HBase. Apache HBase requires java 6 or newer version. If this is not the case, Apache HBase will not start.
By bobby, December 30, 2015